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Vahter, T., Sepp, S.-K., Astover, A., Helm, A., Kikas, T., Liu, S., Oja, J., Öpik, M., Penu, P., Vasar, M., ... Zobel, M., Hiiesalu, I. 2022. Landscapes, management practices and their interactions shape soil fungal diversity in arable fields- evidence from a nationwide farmers’ network. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. Accepted manuscript.

Semchenko, M., Barry, K.E, de Vries, F.T, Mommer, L., Moora, M., Macia-Vicente, J..G. Deciphering the role of specialist and generalist plant-microbial interactions as drivers of plant-soil feedback. New Phytologist.

Vasar, M., Davison, J., Sepp, S.-K., Mucina, L., Oja, J., Al-Quraishy, S., .... Bueno, C.G.,... Hiiesalu, I.,... Koorem, K., Meng, Y.,  Moora, M.... Öpik, M.,... Vahter, T...., Zobel, M.  2022. Global soil microbiomes: A new frontline of biome-ecology research. Global Ecology and Biogeography, online early.

Vasar, M., Davison, J., Sepp, S.K., Oja, J., Al-Quraishy, S., Bueno, C.G., ...  Hiiesalu, I., Koorem, K., Moora, M., Öpik, M., Vahter, T., Zobel, M. 2022. Global taxonomic and phylogenetic assembly of AM fungi. Mycorrhiza, pp.1-10. doi: 10.1007/s00572-022-01072-7

Puy, J., Carmona, C.P., Hiiesalu, I., Öpik, M., de Bello, F., Moora, M. 2022. Mycorrhizal symbiosis alleviates plant water deficit within and across generations via phenotypic plasticity. Journal of Ecology 110: 262–276.


de Castro, F., Adl, S.M., Allesina, S., Bardgett, R.D., Bolger, T., .... Öpik, M., ...& Caruso, T. 2021. Local stability properties of complex, species-rich soil food webs with functional block structure. Ecology and Evolution 11: 16070–16081.

Liu, S., Moora, M., Vasar, M., Zobel, M., Öpik, M. & Koorem, K. 2021, Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi promote small-scale vegetation recovery in the forest understorey. Oecologia. 197(3), 685-697.

Guerrero-Ramirez, N. R., Mommer, L., Freschet, G. T., Iversen, C. M., McCormack, M. L., ..., Semchenko, M., ... & Weigelt, A. (2021) Global root traits (GRooT) database. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 30, 25-37.

Laughlin, D. C., Mommer, L., Sabatini, F. M., Bruelheide, H., Kuyper, T. W., ..., Semchenko, M., ... & Weigelt, A. 2021 Root traits explain plant species distributions along climatic gradients yet challenge the nature of ecological trade-offs. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 5, 1123-1134.

Lepik, A., Abakumova, M., Davison, J., Zobel, K. & Semchenko, M. 2021 Spatial mapping of root systems reveals diverse strategies of soil exploration and resource contest in grassland plants. Journal of Ecology, 109, 652-663.

Rhymes, J. M., Cordero, I., Chomel, M., Lavallee, J. M., Straathof, A. L., ..., Semchenko, M.,... & Bardgett, R. D. 2021 Are researchers following best storage practices for measuring soil biochemical properties? Soil, 7, 95-106.

Semchenko, M., Xue, P. A. & Leigh, T. 2021 Functional diversity and identity of plant genotypes regulate rhizodeposition and soil microbial activity. New Phytologist, 232, 776-787.

Leon, D.*, Bueno, C.G.*, Zobel, M., Bennett, J.A., Puglielli, G., Davison, J., Riibak, K., Pärtel, M. & Moora, M.  2021. Plant diversity but not productivity is associated with community mycorrhization in temperate grasslands. Journal of Vegetation Science  (* Authors with equal contribution)

Daru, B.H., Davies, T.J., Willis, C.G., Meineke, E.K., Ronk, A., Zobel, M., Pärtel, M., Antonelli, A. & Davis, C.C. 2021 Widespread homogenization of plant communities in the Anthropocene. Nature Communications 12 (1). doi:10.1038/s41467-021-27186-8 

Sepp, S.-K., Davison, J., Moora, M., Neuenkamp, L., Oja, J., Roslin, T., Vasar, M., Öpik, M., & Zobel, M. 2021. Woody encroachment in grassland elicits complex changes in the functional structure of above- and belowground biota. Ecosphere 12(5), e03512.

Carmona, C.P.*, Bueno, C.G.*, Toussaint, A.*, Träger, S.*, Díaz, S., Moora, M., Munson, A.D., Pärtel, M., Zobel, M., & Tamme, R.* 2021. Fine-root traits in the global spectrum of plant form and function. Nature 597: 683–687. (* Authors with equal contribution)

Aavik, T., Träger, S., Zobel, M., Honnay, O., Van Geel, M., Bueno, C.G. & Koorem, K. 2021, The joint effect of host plant genetic diversity and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities on restoration success. Functional Ecology. 35 (12), 2621-2634.

Toussaint, A., Brosse, S., Bueno, C.G. et al. 2021. Extinction of threatened vertebrates will lead to idiosyncratic changes in functional diversity across the world. Nature Communications 12: 5162.
Barrio IC, Ehrich D, Soininen ED, Ravolainen VT, Bueno CG, ... & Jónsdóttir IS. 2021. Developing common protocols to measure tundra herbivory across spatial scales. Arctic Science. e-First
Koorem K, Wilschut RA, Weser C. et al. 2021. Disentangling nematode and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal community effect on the growth of range-expanding Centaurea stoebe in original and new range soil. Plant and Soil. 466: 207-221.
Bueno CG, Davison J, Leon D, Meng Y, Öpik M, Zobel M & Moora M. 2021. Towards a consistent benchmark for plant mycorrhizal association databases: a reply to FungalRoot: global online database of plant mycorrhizal associations. New Phytologist 231 (3), 913-916.
Noreika N, Pärtel M & Öpik M. 2021. Effects of mutualistic and pathogenic soil mycobiota on forest ecosystem functioning: herbaceous phytometer growth on natural and sterilised soils. Ecological Indicators 127: 107792.
Lücking R, Aime MC, Robbertse B, ...Öpik M,.., & Schoch CL. 2021. Fungal taxonomy and sequence-based nomenclature. Nature Microbiology 6: 540–548.
Bueno GC, Hiiesalu I & Koorem K 2021. Commentary: How and where do disturbances promote the establishment of nonnative mycorrhizal plants. New Phytologist  230: 883-885.
Hoeffner K, Beylich A, Chabbi A,... Öpik M,... Vahter T, ... Sepp S-K, ... & Pérès G . 2021. Legacy effects of temporary grassland in annual crop rotation on soil ecosystem services. Science of The Total Environment 780: 146410.
Frew A, Price JN, Oja J, Vasar M & Öpik M. 2021. Impacts of elevated atmospheric CO2 on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and their role in moderating plant allometric partitioning. Mycorrhiza 31 (3): 423-430.

Bueno CG, Gerz M, Moora M, Leon D, ... & Zobel M. 2021. Distribution of plant mycorrhizal traits along an elevational gradient does not fully mirror the latitudinal gradient. Mycorrhiza 31: 149-159.

Tuomi MVäisänen MYlänne H,... & Bueno CG. 2021. Stomping in silence: Conceptualizing trampling effects on soils in polar tundraFunctional Ecology 35306317.

Tamme R, Pärtel M, Kõljalg U, ..., Moora M, ..., Öpik M. , ... & Zobel, M. 2021. Global macroecology of nitrogen-fixing plants. Global Ecology and Biogeography 30: 514-526. 

Vasar M, Davison J, Neuenkamp L, Sepp S-K, Young JPW, Moora M & Öpik M. 2021, User-friendly bioinformatics pipeline gDAT (graphical downstream analysis tool) for analysing rDNA sequences. Molecular Ecology Resources. 21(4): 1380-1392.

Paz C, Öpik M, Bulascoschi L, Bueno CG, & Galetti M. 2021. Dispersal of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi: Evidence and Insights for Ecological Studies. Microbial Ecology 81: 283–292

Davison J, Moora M, Semchenko M, ..., Bueno CG, …. Hiiesalu I,…. Koorem K,Oja J,…. Sepp S-K,Sudheer S,… Vahter T, Vasar M,… Zobel M & Öpik M. 2021. Temperature and pH define the realized niche space of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. New Phytologist 231(2): 763-776.

Vasar M, Davison J, Sepp S-K, Öpik M, Moora M, Koorem K, Meng Y, Oja J,… & Zobel, M. 2021. Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungal Communities in the Soils of Desert Habitats. Microorganisms (2), 229;

Hiiesalu I, Klimešová J, Dolezal J, Mudrák O, Götzenberger L, Horník J & de Bello F. 2021. Hidden below-ground plant diversity buffers against species loss during land-use change in species-rich grasslands. Journal of Vegetation Science 32: e12971.

Onipchenko V, Kipkeev AM, Mommer L, .... Hiiesalu I... & Cornelissen HC. 2021. Snow roots: Where are they and what are they for? Ecology: e03255

Põlme S, ... Hiiesalu I, Oja J, ... Öpik M, ... Vasar M,... Sepp S-K, ... Vahter T,... & Tedersoo L. 2021. FungalTraits: a user-friendly traits database of fungi and fungus-like stramenopiles. Fungal Diversity 105: 1–16.


Neuenkamp L, Zobel M, Koorem K, Jairus T, Davison J, Öpik M, Vasar M & Moora M. 2020. Light availability and light demand of plants shape the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities in their roots. Ecology Letters 24(3) 426-437. doi:

Aavik T, Carmona CP, Träger S,... Hiiesalu I,... & Pärtel, M 2020. Landscape context and plant population size affect morph frequencies in heterostylous Primula veris—Results of a nationwide citizen-science campaign. Journal of Ecology 108: 2169–2183.

Bender I, Edesi L, Hiiesalu I, ... & Luik A. 2020. Organic Carrot (Daucus carota L.) Production Has an Advantage over Conventional in Quantity as Well as in Quality. Agronomy 10: 1420.

Blaus A, Reitalu T, Gerhold P, Hiiesalu I, Massante JC & Veski S. 2020. Modern Pollen–Plant Diversity Relationships Inform Palaeoecological Reconstructions of Functional and Phylogenetic Diversity in Calcareous Fens. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 8:.

Loit K, Soonvald L, Astover A, Runno-Paurson E, Öpik M, Tedersoo L. 2020. Temporal and cultivar-specific effects on potato root and soil fungal diversity. Agronomy 10(10): 1535

Vahter T, Bueno CG, Davison J, Herodes K, Hiiesalu I, Kasari-Toussaint L, Oja J, Olsson PA, Sepp S-K, Zobel M, Vasar M & Öpik M. 2020. Co-introduction of native mycorrhizal fungi and plant seeds accelerates restoration of post-mining landscapes. Journal of Applied Ecology  57(9): 1741-1751

Garcia de León D, Vahter T, Zobel M, Koppel M, Edesi L, Davison J, Al-Quraishy S, Hozzein WN, Moora M, Oja J, Vasar M & Öpik M. 2020. Different wheat cultivars exhibit variable responses to inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi from organic and conventional farms. PLOS ONE 15(5): e0233878.

Lücking R, Aime MC, Robbertse B, Miller AN, ... Öpik M, ... & Schoch CL. 2020. Unambiguous identification of fungi: where do we stand and how accurate and precise is fungal DNA barcoding? IMA Fungus 11: 14.

Valencia E, de Bello F, Lepš J, Galland T,....Zobel, M....& García-González R. 2020.  Directional trends in species composition over time can lead to a widespread overemphasis of year-to year asynchrony, Journal of Vegetation Science. 31(5): 792-802.

Pickles BJ, Truong C, Watts-Williams SJ & Bueno CG. 2020. Mycorrhizas for a sustainable world. New Phytologist 225: 1065-1069.

Riibak K, Bennett JA, Kook E, Reier Ü, Tamme R, Bueno CG & Pärtel M. 2020. Drivers of plant community completeness differ at regional and landscape scales. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 300 (1):107004.

Giménez-Anaya A, Bueno CG, Fernández-Llario P, Fonseca C, García-González R, Herrero J, Nores C & Rosell C. 2020. What do we know about Wild Boar in Iberia? Problematic Wildlife II New Conservation and Management Challenges in the Human-Wildlife Interactions. Springer, pp: 251-271. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-42335-3

Mark K, Laanisto L, Bueno CG, Niinemets Ü, Keller C & Scheidegger C. 2020. Contrasting co-occurrence patterns of photobiont and cystobasidiomycete yeast associated with common epiphytic lichen species. New Phytologist 227 (5): 1362-1375.

Tedersoo L, Bahram M & Zobel M. 2020. How mycorrhizal associations drive plant population and community ecology. Science 367: 6480.

Perez-Lamarque B, Selosse M-A, Öpik M, Morlon H & Martos F. 2020. Cheating in arbuscular mycorrhizal mutualism: a network and phylogenetic analysis of mycoheterotrophy. New Phytologist 226 (6): 1822-1835.

Stotz GC, Cahill JF, Bennett JA.,... Koorem K., .... Moora M, ....Zobel M & Fraser LH 2020. Not a melting pot: Plant species aggregate in their non-native range. Global Ecology and Biogeography 29: 482–490.

Davison J, García de León D, Zobel M, Moora M, Bueno CG, Barceló M, Gerz M, León D, Meng Y, Pillar VD, Sepp S-K, Soudzilovaskaia NA, Tedersoo L, Vaessen S, Vahter T, Winck B & Öpik M. 2020. Plant functional groups associate with distinct arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities. New Phytologist 226 (4): 1117-1128

Stevens BM, Propster JR, Öpik M, Wilson GWT, Alloway SL, Mayemba E & Johnson NC. 2020. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in roots and soil respond differently to biotic and abiotic factors in the Serengeti. Mycorrhiza 30: 79-95.
Toussaint A, Bueno GC, Davison J, Moora M, Tedersoo L, Zobel M, Öpik M & Pärtel M. 2020. Asymmetric patterns of global diversity among plants and mycorrhizal fungi. Journal of Vegetation Science 31 (2): 355-366
Juan-Ovejero R, Briones MJI & Öpik M. 2020. Fungal diversity in peatlands and its contribution to carbon cycling. Applied Soil Ecology, 146: 103393


Toom, M, Tamm, S, Talgre, L, Tamm, I, Tamm, Ü, Narits, L, Hiiesalu, I, Mäe, A, & Lauringson, E 2019. The Effect of Cover Crops on the Yield of Spring Barley in Estonia. Agriculture 9: 172.

Gerz, M. , Bueno, C. G., Ozinga, W. A., Zobel, M. and Moora, M. (2019), Responses of plant community mycorrhization to anthropogenic influence depend on the habitat and mycorrhizal type. Oikos

Speed, J. D., Skjelbred, I. Å., Barrio, I. C., Martin, M. D., Berteaux, D. , Bueno, C. G., Christie, K. S., Forbes, B. C., Forbey, J. , Fortin, D. , Grytnes, J. , Hoset, K. S., Lecomte, N. , Marteinsdóttir, B. , Mosbacher, J. B., Pedersen, Å. Ø., Ravolainen, V. , Rees, E. C., Skarin, A. , Sokolova, N. , Thornhill, A. H., Tombre, I. and Soininen, E. M. (2019). Trophic interactions and abiotic factors drive functional and phylogenetic structure of vertebrate herbivore communities across the Arctic tundra biome. Ecography, 42: 1152-1163. 
Silva-Flores, P.,  Bueno, C. G., Neira, J., Palfner. G. (2019). Factors Affecting Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Spore Density in the Chilean Mediterranean-Type Ecosystem. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 19, 1: 42-50.

Mujica, M. I., Bueno, C. G., Duchicela, J. and Marín, C. (2019), Strengthening mycorrhizal research in South America. New Phytol, 224: 563-567.
Marín, C. and Bueno, C. G. (2019). A Systematic Review of South American and European Mycorrhizal Research: Is there a Need for Scientific Symbiosis? P. 92-110, in M. C. Pagano, M. A. Lugo (eds.), Mycorrhizal Fungi in South America, Fungal Biology, Springer Nature Switzerland
Noreika N, Helm A, Öpik M, Jairus T, Vasar M, Reier Ü, Kook E, Riibak K, Kasari L, Tullus H, et al. (2019). Forest biomass, soil and biodiversity relationships originate from biogeographic affinity and direct ecological effects. Oikos 
Gavito ME, Leyva-Morales R, Vega-Peña EV, Arita H, Jairus T, Vasar M, Öpik M. (2019). Local-scale spatial diversity patterns of ectomycorrhizal fungal communities in a subtropical pine-oak forest. Fungal Ecology 42: 100860.
Bueno CG, Aldrich-Wolfe L, Chaudhary VB, Gerz M, Helgason T, Hoeksema JD, Klironomos J, Lekberg Y, Leon D, Maherali H, Öpik M, Zobel M, Moora M. (2019). Misdiagnosis and uncritical use of plant mycorrhizal data are not the only elephants in the room. New Phytologist 

Peña-Venegas CP, Kuyper TW, Davison J, Jairus T, Vasar M, Stomph TJ, Struik PC, Öpik M. (2019). Distinct arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities associate with different manioc landraces and Amazonian soils. Mycorrhiza 

Ingerpuu, N., Kupper, T., Vellak, K., Kupper, P., Sõber, J., Tullus, A., Zobel, M., Liira, J. (2019.) Forest Ecology and Management Response of bryophytes to afforestation , increase of air humidity, and enrichment of soil diaspore bank. For. Ecol. Manage. 432, 64–72. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2018.09.004

Scherrer, D., Pellissier, L., Guisan, A., Mod, H.K., Vittoz, P., Pottier, J., Litsios, A., Götzenberger, L., Zobel, M. (2019). Disentangling the processes driving plant assemblages in mountain grasslands across spatial scales and environmental gradients. Journal of Ecology 107, 265–278. doi:10.1111/1365-2745.13037

Bueno, C.G.; Gerz, M.; Zobel, M.; Moora, M. (2019). Conceptual differences lead to divergent trait estimates in empirical and taxonomic approaches to plant mycorrhizal trait assignment. Mycorrhiza, 29 (1), 1−11.10.1007/s00572-018-0869-1.

Bueno, G. Guillermo; Moora, M. (2019). How do arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi travel? New Phytologist, 222, 645−647.10.111/nph.15722.
Ramirez KS, Snoek LB, Koorem K, Geisen S, Bloem LJ, Hooven F ten, Kostenko O, Krigas N, Manrubia M, CakoviÄ� D, et al. 2019. Range-expansion effects on the belowground plant microbiome. Nature Ecology & Evolution 3: 604–611.

Träger S, Öpik M, Vasar M, Wilson SD2019. Belowground plant parts are crucial for comprehensively estimating total plant richness in herbaceous and woody habitats. Ecology doi: 10.1002/ecy.2575.

Faggioli VS, Cabello MN, Grilli G, Vasar M, Covacevich F, Öpik M. 2019. Root colonizing and soil borne communities of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi differ among soybean fields with contrasting historical land use. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 269: 174–182.

Sepp S-K, Davison J, Jairus T, Vasar M, Moora M, Zobel M, Öpik M. 2019. Non-random association patterns in a plant-mycorrhizal fungal network reveal host-symbiont specificity. Molecular Ecology 28: 365–378.


Martin FM, Harrison MJ, Lennon S, Lindahl B, Öpik M, Polle A, Requena N, Selosse M-A. 2018. Cross-scale integration of mycorrhizal function. New Phytologist 220: 941–946.

Loit K, Soonvald L, Kukk M, Astover A, Runno-Paurson E, Kaart T, Öpik M. 2018. The indigenous arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal colonisation potential in potato roots is affected by agricultural treatments. Agronomy Research 16: 18.063.

Davison, J., Moora, M., Öpik, M., Ainsaar, L., Ducousso, M., Hiiesalu, I., Jairus, T., Johnson, N., Jourand, P., Kalamees, R., Koorem, K., Meyer, J.Y., Püssa, K., Reier, Ü., Pärtel, M., Semchenko, M., Traveset, A., Vasar, M., Zobel, M. 2018. Microbial island biogeography: isolation shapes the life history characteristics but not diversity of root-symbiotic fungal communities. The ISME Journal, 12(9), 2211-2224. doi: 10.1038/s41396-018-0196-8

García de León, D., Davison, J., Moora, M., Öpik, M., Feng, H., Hiiesalu, I., Jairus, T., Koorem, K., Liu, Y., Phosri, C., Sepp, S. K., Vasar, M. & Zobel, M. 2018. Anthropogenic disturbance equalizes diversity levels in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities. Global Change Biology 24:2649–2659.

García de León, D., Neuenkamp, L., Moora, M., Öpik, M., Davison, J., Peña-Venegas, C., . . . Zobel, M. (2018). Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities in tropical rain forest are resilient to slash-and-burn agriculture. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 34(3), 186-199. doi:10.1017/S0266467418000184

Jiang, S.; Liu, Y.; Luo, Ji.; Qin, M.; Johnson, N. C.; Öpik, M.; Vasar, M.; Chai, Y.; Zhou, X.; Mao, L.; Du, G.; An, L. & Feng, H. 2018. Dynamics of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal community structure and functioning along a nitrogen enrichment gradient in an alpine meadow ecosystem. New Phytologist doi: 10.1111/nph.15112.

García de León, D.; Davison, J.; Moora, M.; Öpik, M.; Feng, H.; Hiiesalu, I.; Jairus, T.; Koorem, K.; Liu, Y.; Phosri, C.; Sepp, S-K.; Vasar, M. & Zobel, M. 2018. Anthropogenic disturbance equalizes diversity levels in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities Global Change Biology doi: 10.1111/gcb.14131.

Koorem, K.; Kostenko, O.; Snoek, L. B.; Weser, C.; Ramirez, K. S.; Wilschut, R. A. & van der Putten, W. H. 2018. Relatedness with plant species in native community influences ecological consequences of range expansions. Oikos doi: 10.1111/oik.04817.

Lekberg, Y.; Vasar, M.; Bullington, L.S.; Sepp, S.-K.; Antunes, P.M.; Bunn, R.; Larkin, B.G. & Öpik, M. 2018. More bang for the buck? Can arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities be characterized adequately alongside other fungi using general fungal primers? New Phytologist doi: 10.1111/nph.15035.

Sepp, S.-K.; Jairus, T.; Vasar, M.; Zobel, M. & Öpik, M. 2018. Effects of land use on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities in Estonia. Mycorrhiza doi:

Neuenkamp, L.; Moora, M.; Öpik, M.; Davison, J.; Gerz, M.; Männistö, M.; Jairus, T.; Vasar, M. & Zobel, M. 2018. The role of plant mycorrhizal type and status in modulating the relationship between plant and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities. New Phytologist doi: 10.1111/nph.14995.

Zobel, M.; Davison, J.; Edwards, M. E.; Brochmann, C.; Coissac, E.; Taberlet, P.; Willerslev, E. & Moora, M. 2018. Ancient environmental DNA reveals shifts in dominant mutualisms during the late Quaternary. Nature Communications 9:139.

Puy, J.; Dvoráková, H.; Carmona, C. P.; de Bello, F.; Hiiesalu, I. & Latzel V. 2018. Improved demethylation in ecological epigenetic experiments: Testing a simple and harmless foliar demethylation application. Methods in Ecology and Evolution doi: 10.1111/2041-210X.12903.

Waller, L. P.; Felten, J.; Hiiesalu, I. & Vogt-Schilb, H. 2018. Sharing resources for mutual benefit: crosstalk between disciplines deepens the understanding of mycorrhizal symbioses across scales. New Phytologist 217: 29–32.

García de León, D.; Cantero, J. J.; Moora, M.; Öpik, M.; Davison, J.; Vasar, M.; Jairus, T. & Zobel, M. 2018. Soybean cultivation supports a diverse arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal community in central Argentina. Applied Soil Ecology

Bruns, T. D.; Corradi, N.; Redecker, D.; Taylor, J.W. & Öpik, M. 2018. Glomeromycotina: what is a species and why should we care? New Phytologist doi: 10.1111/nph.14913.

Põlme, S.; Bahram, M.; Jacquemyn, H.; Kennedy, P.; Kohout, P.; Moora, M.; Oja, J.; Öpik, M.; Pecoraro, L. & Tedersoo, L. 2018. Host preference and network properties in biotrophic plant-fungal associations. New Phytologist doi: 217: 1230-1239.

Gerz, M.; Bueno, C. G.; Ozinga, W. A.; Zobel, M. & Moora, M. 2018. Niche differentiation and expansion of plant species are associated with mycorrhizal symbiosis. Journal of Ecology 106: 254-264.

Ramirez, K. S.; Knight, C.G.; de Hollander, M.; Brearley, F. Q.; Constantinides, B.; Cotton, A.; Creer, S.; Crowther, T. W.; Davison, J.; Delgado-Baquerizo, M.; Dorrepaal, E.; Elliott, D. R.; Fox, G.; Griffiths, R.I.; Hale, C.; Hartman, K.; Houlden, A.; Jones, D. L.; Krab, E. J.; Maestre, F. T.; McGuire, K. L.; Monteux, S.; Orr, C. H.; van der Putten, W. H.; Roberts, I. S.; Robinson, D. A.; Rocca, J. D.; Rowntree, J.; Schlaeppi, K.; Shepherd, M.; Singh, B. K.; Straathof, A. L.; Bhatnagar, J. M.; Thion, C.; van der Heijden, M. G. A. & de Vries F. T. 2018. Detecting macroecological patterns in bacterial communities across independent studies of global soils. Nature Microbiology 3: 189-196.


Lopez-Garcia, A.; Varela-Cervero, S.; Vasar, M.; Öpik, M.; Barea, J. M. & Azcon-Aguilar, C. 2017. Plant traits determine the phylogenetic structure of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities. Molecular Ecology  26: 6948-6959.

Bueno, C. G.; Marín, C.; Silva-Flores, P.; Aguilera, P. & Godoy, R. 2017. Think globally, research locally: emerging opportunities for mycorrhizal research in South America. New Phytologist 215: 1306–1309.

Kotilínek, M.; Hiiesalu, I.; Košnar, J.; Šmilauerová, M.; Šmilauer, P.; Altman, J.; Dvorský, M.; Kopecký, M. & Dolezal, J. 2017. Fungal root symbionts of high-altitude vascular plants in the Himalayas. Scientific Reports 7: 6562.

Pärtel, M.; Öpik, M.; Moora, M.; Tedersoo, L.; Szava-Kovats, R.; Rosendahl, S.; Rillig, M. C.; Lekberg, Y.; Kreft, H.; Helgason, T.; Eriksson, O.; Davison, J.; de Bello, F.; Caruso, T. & Zobel M. 2017. Historical biome distribution and recent human disturbance shape the diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. New Phytologist 261: 227-238.

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Vasar, M.; Andreson, R.; Davison, J.; Jairus, T.; Moora, M.; Remm M.; Young, J. P. W.; Zobel, M. & Öpik, M. 2017. Increased sequencing depth does not increase captured diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Mycorrhiza 27: 761-773.

Bueno, C. G.; Moora, M.; Gerz, M.; Davison, J.; Öpik, M.; Pärtel, M.; Helm, A.; Ronk, A.; Kühn, I. & Zobel, M. 2017. Plant mycorrhizal status, but not type, shifts with latitude and elevation in Europe. Global Ecology and Biogeography 26: 690–699.

Ronk, A.; Szava-Kovats, R.; Zobel, M. & Pärtel, M. 2017. Observed and dark diversity of alien plant species in Europe: estimating future invasion risk. Biodiversity and Conservation 26: 899–916.

García de León, D.; Neuenkamp, L.; Gerz, M.; Oja, E. & Zobel, M. 2017. Secondary succession in alvar grasslands – do changes in vascular plant and cryptogam communities correspond? Folia Geobotanica doi: 51: 285-296

Rodriguez-Echeverria, S.; Teixeira, H.; Correia, M.; Timoteo, S.; Heleno, R.; Öpik, M. &  Moora, M. 2017. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi communities from tropical Africa reveal strong ecological structure. New Phytologist 213: 380-390.

Menzel, A.; Hempel, S.; Klotz, S.; Moora, M.; Pyšek, P.; Rillig, M. C.; Zobel, M. & Kühn, I. 2017. Mycorrhizal status helps explain invasion success of alien plant species. Ecology 98: 92-102.

Lewis, R. J.; de Bello, F.; Bennett, J. A.; Fibich, P.; Finerty, G. E.; Götzenberger, L.; Hiiesalu, I.; Kasari, L.; Lepš, J.; Májeková, M.; Mudrák, O.; Riibak, K.; Ronk, A.; Rychtecká, T.; Vitová, A. & Pärtel, M. 2017. Applying the dark diversity concept to nature conservation. Conservation Biology 31: 40-47.

Koorem, K.; Tulva, I.; Davison, J.; Jairus, T.; Öpik, M.; Vasar, M.; Zobel, M. & Moora, M. 2017. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities in forest plant roots are simultaneously shaped by host characteristics and canopy-mediated light availability. Plant and Soil 410: 259-271.


Hibbett, D.; Abarenkov, K.; Kõljalg, U.; Öpik, M.; Chai, B.; Cole, J. R.; Wang, Q.; Crous, P. W.; Robert, V. A. R. G.; Helgason, T.; Herr, J.; Kirk, P.; Lueschow, S.; O'Donnell, K.; Nilsson, H.; Oono, R.; Schoch, C. L.; Smyth, C.; Walker, D.; Porras-Alfaro, A.; Taylor, J. W. & Geiser, D. M. 2016. Sequence-based classification and identification of Fungi. Mycologia  108: 1049-1068.

Bennett, J. A.; Riibak, K.; Kook, E.; Reier, Ü.; Tamme, R.; Bueno, C. G. & Pärtel, M. 2016. Species pools, community completeness and invasion: disentangling diversity effects on the establishment of native and alien species. Ecology Letters, 19: 1496–1505.

Angel, R., Conrad, R., Dvorsky, M., Kopecky, M.; Kotilínek, M.; Hiiesalu, I.; Schweingruber, F.; Dolezal, J. The Root-Associated Microbial Community of the World’s Highest Growing Vascular Plants. Microbial Ecology 72: 394-406.

Barrio, I. C.; Hik, D. S; Jónsdóttir, I. S.; Bueno, C. G.; Mörsdorf, M.A. & Ravolainen, V. T. 2016. Herbivory Network: An international, collaborative effort to study herbivory in Arctic and alpine ecosystems. Polar Science 10: 297-302.

Bueno, C. G.; Williamson, S. N.; Barrio, I. C.; Helgadóttir, Á. & Hik, D. S. 2016. Moss Mediates the Influence of Shrub Species on Soil Properties and Processes in Alpine Tundra. PLoS ONE 11: e0164143.

Dolezal, J.; Dvorsky, M.; Kopecky, M.; Liancourt, P.; Hiiesalu, I.; Macek, M.; Altman, J.; Chlumska, Z.; Rehakova, K.; Capkova, K.; Borovec, J.; Mudrak, O.; Wild, J. & Schweingruber, F. 2016. Vegetation dynamics at the upper elevational limit of vascular plants in Himalaya. Scientific Reports 6: 24881.

Öpik, M., & Peay, K. G. 2016. Mycorrhizal diversity: Diversity of host plants, symbiotic fungi and relationships. Fungal Ecology 24: 103-105.

Tamme, R.; Gazol, A.; Price, J. N.; Hiiesalu, I. & Pärtel, M. 2016. Co-occurring grassland species vary in their responses to fine-scale soil heterogeneity. Journal of Vegetation Science 27: 1012–1022.

García de León, D.; Moora, M.; Öpik, M.; Jairus, T.; Neuenkamp, L.; Vasar, M.; Bueno, C.G.; Gerz, M.; Davison, J. & Zobel, M. 2016. Dispersal of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and plants during succession. Acta Oecologica 77: 128-135.

Ciccolini, V.; Ercoli, L.; Davison, J.; Vasar, M.; Öpik, M. & Pellegrino, E. 2016. Land-use intensity and host plant simultaneously shape the composition of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities in a mediterranean drained peatland. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 92: fiw186.

Põlme, S.; Öpik, M.; Moora, M.; Zobel, M.; Kohout, P.; Oja, J.; Kõljalg, U. & Tedersoo, L. 2016. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associating with roots of Alnus and Rubus in Europe and the Middle East. Fungal Ecology 24: 27-34.

Menzel, A.; Hempel, S.; Manceur, A. M.; Götzenberger, L.; Moora, M.; Rillig, M. C.; Zobel, M. & Kühn, I. 2016. Distribution patterns of arbuscular mycorrhizal and non-mycorrhizal plant species in Germany. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 21: 78-88.

Götzenberger, L.; Botta-Dukát, Z.; Lepš, J.; Pärtel, M.; Zobel, M. & de Bello, F. 2016. Which randomizations detect convergence and divergence in trait-based community assembly? A test of commonly used null models. Journal of Vegetation Science 27: 1275-1287.

Barrio, I. C.; Bueno, C. G.; Gartzia, M.; Soininen, E. M.; Christie, K. S.; Speed, J. D. M.; Ravolainen, V. T.; Forbes, B. C.; Gauthier, G.; Horstkotte, T.; Hoset, K. S.; Høye, T. T.; Jónsdóttir, I. S.; Lévesque, E.; Mörsdorf, M. A.; Olofsson, J.; Wookey, P. A. & Hik, D. S. 2016. Biotic interactions mediate patterns of herbivore diversity in the Arctic. Global Ecology and Biogeography 25: 1108–1118.

Neuenkamp, L.; Lewis, R.; Koorem, K.; Zobel, K. & Zobel, M. 2016. Changes in dispersal and light capturing traits explain post abandonment community change in semi-natural grasslands. Journal of Vegetation Science 27: 1222-1232.

Öpik, M. & Davison, J. 2016. Uniting species- and community-oriented approaches to understand arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal diversity. Fungal Ecology 24: 106-113.

Balint, M.; Bahram, M.; Eren, A.M., Faust, K.; Fuhrman, J.A.; Lindahl, B.; O'Hara, R.O.; Öpik, M.; Sogin, M.L.; Unterseher, M. & Tedersoo, L. 2016. Millions of reads, thousands of taxa: microbial community structure and associations analyzed via marker genes. FEMS Microbiology Reviews 40: 686-700.

Herrmann, L.; Lesueur, D.; Bräu, L.; Davison, J.; Jairus, T.; Robain, H.; Robin, A.; Vasar, M.; Wiriyakitnateekul, W. & Öpik, M. 2016. Diversity of root-associated arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities in a rubber tree plantation chronosequence in Northeast Thailand. Mycorrhiza 26: 863-877.

Pärtel, M., Bennett, J. A. & Zobel, M. 2016. Macroecology of biodiversity: disentangling local and regional effects. New Phytologist 211: 404–410.

Moora, M.; Öpik, M.; Davison, J.; Jairus, T.; Vasar, M.; Zobel, M. & Eckstein, R.L. 2016. AM fungal communities inhabiting the roots of submerged aquatic plant Lobelia dortmanna are diverse and include a high proportion of novel taxa. Mycorrhiza 26: 735-745.

Garcia de Leon, D.; Moora, M.; Öpik, M.; Neuenkamp, L.; Gerz, M.; Jairus, T.; Vasar, M.; Bueno, C. G.; Davison, J. & Zobel, M. 2016. Symbiont dynamics during ecosystem succession: co-occurring plant and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities. FEMS Microbiology Ecology doi:92: fiw097.

Thiery, O.; Vasar, M.; Jairus, T.; Davison, J.; Roux, C.; Kivistik, P.-A.; Metspalu, A.; Milani, L.; Saks, Ü.; Moora, M.; Zobel, M. & Öpik, M. 2016.Sequence variation in nuclear ribosomal small subunit, internal transcribed spacer and large subunit regions of Rhizophagus irregularis and Gigaspora margarita is high and isolate-dependent. Molecular Ecology 25: 2816-2832.

Adamcík, S.; Slovák, M.; Eberhardt, U.; Ronikier, A.; Jairus, T.; Hampe, F. & Verbeken, A. 2016. Molecular inference, multivariate morphometrics and ecological assessment are applied in concert to delimit species in the Russula clavipes complex. Mycologia doi:108: 716-730.

Gazol, A.; Zobel, M.; Cantero, J.J.;  Davison, J.; Esler, K.J.; Jairus, T.; Öpik, M.; Vasar, M. & Moora, M. 2016. Impact of alien pines on local arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities – evidence from two continents. FEMS Microbiology Ecology doi:92: fiw073.

Öpik, M.; Davison, J.; Moora, M.; Pärtel, M. & Zobel, M. 2016. Response to Comment on Global assessment of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus diversity reveals very low endemism. Science 351826.

Zobel, M. 2016. The species pool concept as a framework for studying patterns of plant diversity. Journal of Vegetation Science 27: 8-18.

Davison, J.; Moora, M.; Jairus, T.; Vasar, M.; Öpik, M. & Zobel, M. 2016. Hierarchical assembly rules in arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungal communities. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 97: 63-70.

Pither, J.; Fraser, L. H.; Jentsch, A.; Sternberg, M.; Zobel, M.; Cahill, J.; Beierkuhnlein, C.; Bartha, S.; Bennett, J. A.; Boldgiv, B.; Brown, L. R.; Cabido, M.; Campetella, G.; Carlyle, C. N.; Chelli, S.; Csergo, A. M.; Diaz, S.; Enrico, L.; Ensing, D.; Fidelis, A.; Garris, H. W.; Henry, H. A. L.; Höhn, M.; Klironomos, J.; Koorem, K.; Lawrence-Lodge, R.; Manning, P.; Mitchell, R. J.; Moora, M.; Pillar, V. D.; Stotz, G. C.; Sugiyama, S.; Szentes, S; Tungalag, R.; Undrakhbold, S.; Wellstein, C. & Zupo, T. 2016. Response to Comment on „Worldwide evidence of a unimodal relationship between productivity and plant species richness.“ Science 351: 457.

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Selosse, M. A., Vincenot, L. & Öpik, M. 2016. Data processing can mask biology: towards better reporting of fungal barcoding data? New Phytologist 210: 1159-1164.

Castellanos-Frías, E., Garcia De León, D., Bastida, F. & Gonzalez-Andujar, J. L. 2016. Predicting global geographical distribution of Lolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass) under climate change. The Journal of Agricultural Science 154: 755-764.

Gerz, M.Bueno, C. G., Zobel, M. Moora, M. 2016. Plant community mycorrhization in temperate forests and grasslands: relations with edaphic properties and plant diversity. Journal of Vegetation Science 27: 89-99.

Barrio, I.C, Bueno, C. G. & Hik, D.S. 2016. Warming the tundra: reciprocal responses of invertebrate herbivores and plants. Oikos 125: 20-28.


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Garcia de Leon, D., Garcia-Mozo, H., Galan, C., Alcazar, P., Lima, M. & Gonzalez-Andujar, J. L. 2015. Disentangling the effects of feedback structure and climate on Poaceae annual airborne pollen fluctuations and the possible consequences of climate change. Science of The Total Environment 530-531:103-109.

Dickie, I.A., Alexander, I., Lennon, S., Öpik, M., Selosse, M.A., van der Heijden, M.G.A. & Martin F.M. 2015. Evolving insights to understanding mycorrhizas. New Phytologist 205:1369-1374

Hart, M.M., Aleklett, K., Chagnon, P.L., Egan, C., Ghignone, S., Helgason, T., Lekberg, Y., Öpik, M., Pickles, B.J & Waller, L. 2015. Navigating the labyrinth: A guide to sequence-based, community ecology of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. New Phytologist 207: 235-247

Herr, J.R., Öpik, M. & Hibbett, D.S. 2015. Towards the unification of sequence-based classification and sequence-based identification of host-associated microorganisms. New Phytologist 205: 27-31

Pellegrino, E., Öpik, M., Bonari, E & Ercoli, L. 2015. Responses of wheat to arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: A meta-analysis of field studies from 1975 to 2013. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 84: 210-217

Varela-Cervero, S., Vasar, M., Davison, J., Barea, J.M., Öpik, M. & Azcon-Aguilar, C. 2015. The composition of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities differs among the roots, spores and extraradical mycelia associated with five Mediterranean plant species. Environmental Microbiology 17: 2882–2895

Grilli, G., Urcelay, C., Galetto, L., Davison, J.Vasar, M.Saks, Ü.Jairus, T. & Öpik, M. 2015. The composition of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities in the roots of a ruderal forb is not related to the forest fragmentation process. Environmental Microbiology 17: 2709–2720.


Moora, M., Davison, J., Öpik, M., Metsis, M., Saks, Ü., Jairus, T., Vasar, M. & Zobel, M. 2014. Anthropogenic land use shapes the composition and phylogenetic structure of soil arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 90: 609-621.

Ohsowski, B.M., Zaitsoff, P.D., Öpik, M., Hart, M.M. 2014. Where the wild things are: looking for uncultured Glomeromycota. New Phytologist 204: 171-179.

Tamme, R., Götzenberger, L., Zobel, M., Bullock, J.M., Hooftman, D.A.P., Kaasik, A., Pärtel, M. 2014. Predicting species' maximum dispersal distances from simple plant traits. Ecology 95: 505-513.

Kalwij, J.M., Robertson, M.P., Ronk, A., Zobel, M., Pärtel, M. 2014. Spatially-explicit estimation of geographical representation in large-scale species distribution datasets. PLoS ONE 9: e85306.

Breeze, T.D., Vaissière, B.E., Bommarco, R., Petanidou, T., Seraphides, N., Kozák, L., Scheper, J., Biesmeijer, J.C., Kleijn, D., Gyldenkærne, S., Moretti, M., Holzschuh, A., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Stout, J.C., Pärtel, M., Zobel, M., Potts, S.G.  2014. Agricultural policies exacerbate honeybee pollination service supply-demand mismatches across Europe. PLoS ONE 9: e82996.

Moora, M. 2014. Mycorrhizal traits and plant communities: perspectives for integration. Journal of Vegetation Science 25: 1126-1132.

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Zobel, M., Öpik, M. 2014. Plant and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal (AMF) communities - which drives which? Journal of Vegetation Science 25: 1133-1140.

Hiiesalu, I., Pärtel, M., Davison, J., Gerhold, P., Metsis, M., Moora, M., Öpik, M., Vasar, M., Zobel, M., Wilson, S.D. 2014. Species richness of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: associations with grassland plant richness and biomass. New Phytologist 203: 233-244.

Koorem, K., Gazol, A., Öpik, M., Moora, M., Saks, Ü., Uibopuu, A., Sõber, V., Zobel, M. 2014. Soil nutrient content influences the abundance of soil microbes but not plant biomass at the small-scale. PLoS ONE 9: e91998.

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Öpik, M., de Bello, F., Price, J.N., Fraser, L.H. 2014. New insights into vegetation patterns and processes. New Phytologist 201: 383-387. 

Öpik, M., Davison, J., Moora, M. & Zobel, M. 2014. DNA-based detection and identification of Glomeromycota: the virtual taxonomy of environmental sequences. Botany 92: 135-147.

Saks, Ü., Davison, J. Öpik, M., Vasar, M., Moora, M. & Zobel, M. 2014. Root-colonizing and soil-borne communities of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in a temperate forest understorey. Botany 92: 277-285.

Metsoja, J.-A., Neuenkamp, L. & Zobel, M. 2014. Seed bank and its restoration potential in Estonian flooded meadows. Applied Vegetation Science 17: 262-273.



Pellissier, L., Pinto-Figueroa, E., Niculita-Hirzel, H., Moora, M., Villard, L., Goudet, J., Guex, N., Pagni, M., Xenarios, I., Sanders, I., Guisan, A. 2013. Plant species distributions along environmental gradients: do belowground interactions with fungi matter? Frontiers in Plant Science DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2013.00500

Bennett, A.E., Daniell, T.J., Öpik, M., Davison, J., Moora, M., Zobel, M., Selosse, M.A., Evans, D. 2013. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal networks vary throughout the growing season and between successional stages. PLoS ONE 8: e83241.

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Neuenkamp, L., Metsoja, J.-A., Zobel, M. & Hölzel, N. 2013. Impact of management on biodiversity-productivity relations in Estonian flooded meadows. Plant Ecology 214: 845-856. 

Lenoir, J., Graae., B.J., Aarrestad, P.A., Alsos, I.G., Armbruster, W.S., Austrheim, G., Bergendorff, C.,  Birks, H.J.B, Bråthen, K.A., Brunet, J., Bruun, H.H., Dahlberg, C.J., Decocq, G., Diekmann, M., Dynesius, M., Ejrnæs, R., Grytnes, J.-A., Hylander, K., Klanderud, K., Luoto, M., Milbau, A., Moora, M., Nygaard, B., Odland, A., Ravolainen, V.T., Reinhardt, S., Sandvik, S.M., Schei, F.H., Speed, J.D.M., Tveraabak, L.U., Vandvik, V., Velle, L.G., Virtanen, R., Zobel, M. & Svenning J.-C. 2013. Local temperatures inferred from plant communities suggest strong spatial buffering of climate warming across Northern Europe. Global Change Biology 19: 1470-1481.

Aavik, T., Holderegger, R., Edwards, P.J., Billeter, R. 2013. Patterns of contemporary gene flow suggest low functional connectivity of grasslands in a fragmented agricultural landscape. Journal of Applied Ecology 50: 395-403.

Öpik, M., Zobel, M., Cantero. J.J., Davison, J., Facelli, J.M., Hiiesalu, I., Jairus, T., Kalwij, J.M., Koorem, K., Leal, M.E., Liira, J., Metsis, M., Neshataeva, V., Paal, J., Phosri, C., Põlme, S., Reier, Ü., Saks, Ü., Schimann, H., Thiery, O., Vasar, M. & Moora, M. 2013. Global sampling of plant roots expands the described molecular diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Mycorrhiza 23: 411-430.

Hempel, S., Götzenberger, L., Kühn, I., Michalski, S.G., Rillig, M.C., Zobel, M. & Moora, M. 2013. Mycorrhizas in the Central European flora - relationships with plant life history traits and ecology. Ecology 94: 1389-1399.



Thiéry, O., Moora, M., Vasar, M., Zobel, M. & Öpik, M. 2012. Inter- and intrasporal nuclear ribosomal gene sequence variation within one isolate of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus, Diversispora sp. Symbiosis 58: 135-147.

Nielsen, A., Dauber, J., Kunin, W.E., Lamborn, E., Jauker, B., Moora, M., Potts, S.G., Reitan, T., Roberts, S., Sõber, V., Settele, J., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Stout, J.C., Tscheulin, T., Vaitis, M., Vivarelli, D., Biesmeijer J.C. & Petanidou, T. 2012. Pollinator community responses to the spatial population structure of wild plants: A pan-European approach. Basic and Applied Ecology 13: 489-499. 

Koorem, K., Saks, Ü., Sõber, V., Uibopuu, A., Öpik, M., Zobel, M. & Moora, M. 2012. Effects of arbuscular mycorrhiza on community composition and seedling recruitment in temperate forest understory. Basic and Applied Ecology 13: 663-672.

Rünk, K., Zobel, M. & Zobel, K. 2012. Biological Flora of the British Isles: Dryopteris carthusiana, D. dilatata and D. expansa. Journal of Ecology 100: 1039-1063.

Davison, J., Öpik, M., Zobel, M., Vasar, M., Metsis, M. & Moora, M. 2012. Communities of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Detected in Forest Soil Are Spatially Heterogeneous but Do Not Vary throughout the Growing Season. PLoS ONE 7(8): e41938.

Guerrero, I., Morales, M.l B., Oñate, J. J., Geiger, F., Berendse, F., Snoo, G. de, Eggers, S., Pärt, T., Bengtsson, J., Clement, L. W., Weisser, W. W., Olszewski, A., Ceryngier, P., Hawro, V., Liira, J., Aavik, T., Fischer, C., Thies, C. & Tscharntke, T. 2012. Response of ground-nesting farmland birds to agricultural intensification across Europe: Landscape and field level management factors. Biological Conservation 152: 74 - 80.

Pärtel, M., Hiiesalu, I., Öpik, M. & Wilson, S.D. 2012. Belowground plant species richness: new insights from DNA-based methods. Functional Ecology 26: 775-782.

de Bello, F., Price, J.N., Münkemüller, T., Liira, J., Zobel, M., Thuiller, M., Gerhold, P., Götzenberger, L., Lavergne, S., Lepš, J., Zobel, K & Pärtel, M. 2012. Functional species pool framework to test for biotic effects on community assembly. Ecology 93: 2263-2273.

Liira, J., Ingerpuu, N., Kalamees, R., Moora, M., Pärtel, M., Püssa, K., Roosaluste, E., Saar, L., Tamme, R., Zobel, K. & Zobel, M. 2012. Grassland diversity under changing productivity and the underlying mechanisms – results of a 10-yr experiment. Journal of Vegetation Science 23: 919-930.

Öpik, M. & Moora, M. 2012. Missing nodes and links in mycorrhizal networks. New Phytologist 194: 304-306.

Graae, B.J., De Frenne, P., Kolb A., Brunet, J., Chabrerie, O., Verheyen, K., Pepin, N., Heinken, T., Zobel, M., Shevtsova, A., Nijs, I. & Milbau A. 2012. On the use of weather data in ecological studies along altitudinal and latitudinal gradients. Oikos 121: 3-19.

Uibopuu, A., Moora, M., Öpik, M. & Zobel, M. 2012. Temperate forest understorey species performance is altered by local arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities from stands of different successional stages. Plant and Soil 356: 331-339.

Metsoja, J.-A., Neuenkamp, L., Pihu, S., Vellak, K., Kalwij, J.M. & Zobel, M. 2012. Restoration of flooded meadows in Estonia- vegetation changes and management indicators. Applied Vegetation Science 15: 231-244.

Hiiesalu, I., Öpik, M., Metsis, M., Lilje, L., Davison, J., Vasar, M., Moora, M., Zobel, M., Wilson, S.D. & Pärtel, M. 2012. Plant species richness belowground: higher richness and new patterns revealed by next-generation sequencing. Molecular Ecology 21: 2004-2016.

Szava-Kovats, R., Zobel, M. & Pärtel, M. 2012. The local-regional species richness relationship: new perspectives on the null-hypothesis. Oikos 121: 321-326. 

Götzenberger, L., de Bello , F., Bråthen, K. A., Davison, J., Dubuis, A., Guisan, A., Lepš, J., Lindborg, R., Moora, M., Pärtel, M., Pellissier, L., Pottier, J., Vittoz, P., Zobel, K. & Zobel, M. 2012. Ecological assembly rules in plant communities- approaches, patterns and prospects. Biological Reviews 87: 111-127

Aavik, T., Edwards, J.P., Holderegger, R., Graf, R. & Billeter, R. 2012Genetic consequences of using seed mixtures in restoration: A case study of a wetland plant Lychnis flos-cuculi. Biological Conservation 145: 195-204.

Semchenko, M., Lepik, M., Götzenberger, L. & Zobel, K. 2012Positive effect of shade on plant growth: amelioration of stress or active regulation of growth rate? Journal of Ecology 100: 459-466.




Koorem, K., Price, J.N. & Moora, M. 2011. Species-specific effects of woody litter on seedling emergence and growth of herbaceous plants. PLoS ONE 6(10): e26505.

Potts, S.G., Biesmeijer, J.C., Bommarco, R., Felicioli, A., Fischer, M., Jokinen, P., Kleijn, D., Klein, A.M., Kunin, W.E., Neumann, P., Penev, L.D., Petanidou, T., Rasmont, P., Roberts, S.P.M., Smith, H.G., Sorensen, P.B., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Vaissiere, B.E., Vila, M., Vujic, A., Woyciechowski, M., Zobel, M., Settele, J., Schweiger, O. 2011Developing European conservation and mitigation tools for pollination services: approaches of the STEP (Status and Trends of European Pollinators) project. Journal of Apicultural Research 50: 152-164.

Pärtel, M., Szava-Kovats, R. & Zobel, M. 2011. Discerning the niche of dark diversity. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 26: 265-266.

Guerrero, I., Morales, M., Onante, J.J., Aavik, T., Bengtsson, J., Berendse, F., Clement, L., Dennis, C., Eggers, S., Emmerson, M., Fischer, C., Flohre, A., Geiger, F., Hawro, V., Inchausti, P., Kalamees, A., Kinks, R., Liira, J., Melendez, L., Pärt, T., Thies, C., Tscharntke, T., Olszewski, A. & Weisser, W. 2011Taxonomic and functional diversity of farmland bird communities across Europe: effects of biogeography and agricultural intensification. Biodiversity and Conservation 20: 3663-3681.

Davison, J., Öpik, M., Daniell, T.J., Moora, M. & Zobel, M. 2011Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities in plant roots are not random assemblages. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 78: 103-115.

Klironomos, J., Zobel, M., Tibbett, M., Stock, W. D., Rillig, M. C., Parrent, J. L., Moora, M., Koch, A. M., Facelli, J. M., Facelli, E., Dickie, I. A. & Bever, J. D. 2011Forces that structure plant communities: quantifying the importance of the mycorrhizal symbiosis. New Phytologist 189: 366-370.

Moora, M., Berger, S., Davison, J., Öpik, M., Bommarco, R., Bruelheide, H., Kühn, I., Kunin, W.E., Metsis, M., Rortais, A., Vanatoa, A., Vanatoa, E., Stout, J.C., Truusa, M., Westphal, C., Zobel, M. & Walther, G.-R. 2011Alien plants associate with widespread generalist arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal taxa: evidence from a continental-scale study using massively parallel 454 sequencing. Journal of Biogeography 38: 1305-1317.

Powell, J.R., Monaghan, M.T., Öpik, M. & Rillig, M.C. 2011Evolutionary criteria outperform operational approaches in producing ecologically relevant fungal species inventories. Molecular Ecology 20: 655-666.

Flohre, A., Fischer, C., Aavik, T., Bengtsson, J., Berendse, F., Bommarco, R., Ceryngier, P., Clement, L.W., Dennis, C., Eggers, S., Emmerson, M., Geiger, F., Guerrero, I., Hawro, V., Inchausti, P., Liira, J., Morales, M.B., Oñate, J.J., Pärt, T., Weisser, W.W., Winqvist, C., Thies, C. & Tscharntke, T. 2011Agricultural intensification and biodiversity partitioning in European landscapes comparing plants, carabids, and birds. Ecological Applications 21: 1772-1781.

Unterseher, M., Jumpponen, A., Öpik, M., Tedersoo, L., Moora, M., Dormann, CF. & Schnittler, M. 2011Species abundance distributions and richness estimations in fungal metagenomics - lessons learned from community ecology. Molecular Ecology 20: 275-285.

Pärtel, M., Szava-Kovats, R., Zobel, M. 2011. Dark diversity: shedding light on absent species. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 26: 124-128.

Winqvist, C., Bengtsson, J., Aavik, T., Berendse, F., Clement, L. W., Eggers, S., Fischer, C., Flohre, A., Geiger, F., Liira, J., Pärt, T., Thies, C., Tscharntke, T., Weisser, W.W. & Bommarco, R. 2011Mixed effects of organic farming and landscape complexity on farmland biodiversity and biological control potential across Europe. Journal of Applied Ecology 48: 570-579.

Zobel, M., Otto, R., Laanisto, L., Naranjo-Cigala, A., Pärtel, M. & Fernández-Palacios, J.M. 2011. The formation of species pools: historical habitat abundance affects current local diversity. Global Ecology and Biogeography 20: 251-259.

Zobel, M., Szava-Kovats, R. & Pärtel, M. 2011. Regional influences on local species composition. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences, Wiley-Chapman, 1-6.

Liu, Y., He, J., Shi, G., An, L., Öpik, M. & Feng, H. 2011Diverse communities of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi inhabit sites with very high altitude in Tibet Plateau. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 78: 355-365.

Kupper, P., Sõber, J., Sellin, A., Lõhmus, K., Tullus, A., Räim, O., Lubenets, K., Tulva, I., Uri, V., Zobel, M., Kull, O. & Sõber, A. 2011An experimental facility for Free Air Humidity Manipulation (FAHM) can alter water flux through deciduous tree canopy. Environmental and Experimental Botany 72: 432-438.



Xiao, S., Zobel, M., Szava-Kovats, R. & Pärtel, M. 2010The effects of species pool, dispersal and competition on the diversity-productivity relationship. Global Ecology and Biogeography 19: 343-351.

Henle, K., Kunin, W., Schweiger, O., Schmeller, D.S., Grobelnik, V., Matsinos, Y., Pantis, J., Penev, L., Potts, S.G., Ring, I., Simila, J., Tzanopoulos, J., van den Hove, S., Baguette, M., Clobert, J., Excoffier, L., Framstad, E., Grodzinska-Jurczak, M., Lengyel, S., Marty, P., Moilanen, A., Porcher, E., Storch, D., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Sykes, M.T., Zobel, M. & Settele, J. 2010Securing the conservation of biodiversity across administrative levels and spatial, temporal, and ecological scales research needs and approaches of the SCALES project. GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society 19: 187-193.

Schweiger, O., Biesmeijer, J.C., Bommarco, R., Hickler, T., Hulme, P.E., Klotz, S., Kuhn, I., Moora, M., Nielsen, A., Ohlemuller, R., Petanidou, T., Potts, S.G., Pysek, P., Stout, J.C., Sykes, M.T., Tscheulin, T., Vila, M., Walther, G.R, Westphal, C., Winter, M., Zobel, M. & Settele, J. 2010Multiple stressors on biotic interactions: how climate change and alien species interact to affect pollination. Biological Reviews 85: 777-795.

Harrison, P.A., Vandewalle, M., Sykes, M.T., Berry, P.M., Bugter, R., de Bello, F., Feld, C.K., Grandin, U., Harrington, R., Haslett, J.R., Jongman, R.H.G., Luck, G.W., da Silva, P.M., Moora, M., Settele, J., Sousa, J.P. & Zobel, M. 2010Identifying and prioritising services in European terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems. Biodiversity and Conservation 19: 2791-2821.

Bever, J.D., Dickie, I.A., Facelli, E., Facelli, J.M., Klironomos, J., Moora, M., Rillig, M.C., Stock, W.D., Tibbett, M. & Zobel, M. 2010Rooting theories of plant community ecology in microbial interactions. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 25: 468-478.

Sõber, V., Moora, M. & Teder, T. 2010Florivores decrease pollinator visitation rate in a self-incompatible plant. Basic and Applied Ecology 11: 669-675.

Koorem, K. & Moora, M. 2010Positive association between understory species richness and a dominant shrub species (Corylus avellana) in a boreonemoral spruce forest. Forest Ecology and Management 260: 1407-1413.

Haslett, J.R., Berry, P.M., Bela, G., Jongman, R.H.G., Pataki, G., Samways, M.J. & Zobel, M. 2010Changing conservation strategies in Europe: a framework integrating ecosystem services and dynamics. Biodiversity and Conservation 19: 2963-2977.

De Frenne, P., Graae, B.J., Kolb, A., Brunet, J., Chabrerie, O., Cousins, S.A.O., Decocq, G., Dhondt, R., Diekmann, M., Eriksson, O., Heinken, T., Hermy, M., Jogar, U., Saguez, R., Shevtsova, A., Stanton, S., Zindel, R., Zobel, M. & Verheyen, K. 2010Significant effects of temperature on the reproductive output of the forest herb Anemone nemorosa L. Forest Ecology and Management 259: 809-817.

Harrington, R., Anton, C., Dawson, T.P., de Bello, F., Feld, C.K., Haslett, J.R., Kluvankova-Oravska, T., Kontogianni, A., Lavorel, S., Luck, G.W., Rounsevell, M.D.A., Samways, M.J., Settele, J., Skourtos, M. Spangenberg, J.H., Vandewalle, M., Zobel, M. & Harrison, P.A. 2010Ecosystem services and biodiversity conservation: concepts and a glossary. Biodiversity and Conservation 19: 2773-2790.

Öpik, M., Vanatoa, A., Vanatoa, E., Moora, M., Davison, J., Kalwij, J.M., Reier, Ü. & Zobel, M. 2010The online database MaarjAM reveals global and ecosystemic distribution patterns in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (Glomeromycota). New Phytologist 188: 223-241.

Hammen, V. C., Biesmeijer, J. C., Bommarco, R., Budrys, E., Christensen, T. R., Fronzek, S., Grabaum, R., Jaksic, P., Klotz, S., Kramarz, P., Kröel-Dulay, G., Kühn, I., Mirtl, M., Moora, M., Petanidou, T., Pino , J., Potts, S. G., Rortais, A., Schulze, C. H., Steffan-Dewenter, I., Stout, J., Szentgyörgyi, H., Vighi, M., Vujic, A., Westphal, C., Wolf, T., Zavala, G., Zobel, M., Settele, J. & Kunin, W. E. 2010Establishment of a cross-European field site network in the ALARM project for assessing large-scale changes in biodiversity. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 164: 337-348.

Zobel, M., Moora, M. & Herben, T. 2010Clonal mobility and its implications for spatio-temporal patterns of plant communities: what do we need to know next? Oikos 119: 802-806.

Krauss, J., Bommarco, R., Guardiola, M., Heikkinen, R., Helm, A., Kuussaari, M., Lindborg, R., Öckinger, E., Pärtel, M., Pino, J., Pöyry, J., Raatikainen, K., Sang, A., Stefanescu, C., Teder, T., Zobel, M. & Steffan-Dewenter, I. 2010Habitat fragmentation causes immediate and time-delayed biodiversity loss at different trophic levels. Ecology Letters 13: 597-605.

Geiger, F., Bengtsson, J., Berendse, F., Weisser, W.W., Emmerson, M., Morales, M.B., Ceryngier, P., Liira, J., Tscharntke, T., Winqvist, C., Eggers, S., Bommarco, R., Pärt, T., Bretagnolle, V., Plantegenest, M., Clement, L.W., Dennis, C., Palmer, C., Onate, J.J., Guerrero, I., Hawro, V., Aavik, T., Thies, C., Flohre, A., Hänke, S., Fischer, C., Goedhart, P.W. & Inchausti, P. 2010Persistent negative effects of pesticides on biodiversity and biological control potential on European farmland. Basic and Applied Ecology 11: 97-105.

Moora, M. & Zobel, M. 2010Arbuscular Mycorrhizae and Plant-Plant Interactions. Impact of Invisible World on Visible Patterns. In: Pugnaire, F.I. (ed.) Positive interactions and plant community dynamics. CRC PRES, Boca Raton, FL, USA, pp. 79-98.  

Pärtel, M., Zobel, K., Laanisto, L., Szava-Kovats, R. & Zobel, M. 2010The productivity-diversity relationship: varying aims and approaches. Ecology 91: 2565-2567.

Aavik, T & Liira, J. 2010Quantifying the effect of organic farming, field boundary type and landscape structure on the vegetation of field boundaries. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 135: 178-186.

Knight, C.A., Clancy, R.B., Götzenberger, L., Dann, L., Beaulieu & J. M. 2010On the Relationship between Pollen Size and Genome Size. Journal of Botany pp. 1-7.

Rünk, K., Zobel, M. & Zobel, K. 2010Different factors govern the performance of three closely related and ecologically similar Dryopteris ferns with contrastingly different abundance in a transplant experiment. BOTANY-BOTANIQUE 88: 961-969.


* Publications published before 2010 are available from the CVs of the members of the working group.